your history, general data and location
Macao located in South China, was a Portuguese territory or colony for about 420 years. In a peaceful transition, it was returned to China on December 20, 1999.
The history of Macau - told by the Portuguese
The Portuguese arrived in Macau between 1554 and 1557, during the great time of the Portuguese Discoveries, initiated by Infante D. Henrique. Vasco da Gama discovered the Maritime Way to India in the late 15th century and early 20th century. In the sixteenth century the Portuguese explorers advanced first east and then north. The first Portuguese to arrive in southern China was Jorge Álvares in 1513. This visit opened the door to the establishment of a number of trading posts in the Pearl River Delta area, supported by Macao, which was soon succeeded by the agreement of the Emperor of China, monopolize trade between China and Japan, and China and Japan.
As well as being the only connecting link between the two worlds - a situation that has remained for many years - Macao has become a vital base for Christian merchants and missionaries in China, an activity that has led to some of the most glorious - and most troubled - moments. of the story. This prosperous situation and its privileged location quickly aroused the greed of other nations who began to conspire for their possession. In the century In the 16th century, the Dutch even landed in Macao, but were expelled by the population.
Over the years, other western nations came to settle in China. Macao became the summer residence of Western merchants, whom the Chinese only allowed to stay in their trading posts in Guangzhou during the trading season, ie during the winter.
Although the changes over 400 years have been enormous, Macao has remained a Portuguese bulwark in the confines of Asia. The Portuguese flag had never been lowered, not even during the 60 years of occupation of Portugal by the kings of Spain during the 16th and 17th centuries. After the restoration of the Portuguese monarchy, King John VI gave Macao the official name of - CITY OF THE NAME OF GOD OF MACAU - THERE IS NO OTHER LOYAL.
Macao was returned to China on 20 December 1999 by a 50-year agreement.
Summary of History - According to Macao Tourism Directorate (China) website
Initially the Macao Peninsula was inhabited by fishermen from the provinces of Fukien and Canton.Hence the Chinese designation of Macao - "Ou Mun" - which literally means "Bay Door".
The term in Portuguese - Macau - seems to be linked to the worship of the goddess "Á-Má", worshiped throughout southern China, and the temple dedicated to it in the Inner Harbor. About this time the place became known as "Á-Má-Gao" (Port of Á-Má) from which the word MACAU possibly derived.
The Portuguese arrived in Macau between 1554 and 1557, although they had been traveling in the South China seas since 1513, the date of the voyage of Jorge Álvares whose statue is in the center of the city.
It was with the agreement of the local mandarins that settled in this region, where they installed several trading posts, making the peninsula a lucrative trading post between China, Japan and Europe, a characteristic that has been maintained throughout of centuries. Macao thus played the role of China's open door to the outside, the place of Western contact and crossing with the East.
It was also from an early age that Macau was chosen by the missionaries to launch themselves into the spread of Far Eastern, Christian Faith, Science and the Western conception of World and Life. The famous "St. Paul's College", founded in Macao in the 19th century. It is considered by historians to have been the first Western-based university established in East Asia. Many famous figures passed by, leaving history in gold letters. This was the case of Mateus Ricci, S.Francisco Xavier and many others who, through their action, contributed to the inter-civilizational dialogue that was forever one of the characteristics of this land.
After the creation of Hong Kong in 1841 following the English victory in the First Opium War, Macao lost much of its commercial importance as its bulk was transferred to the other bank of the Pearl River Delta. Hong Kong has developed very rapidly, becoming one of the world's leading financial centers and leaving Macao almost quasi-lethargic until a few decades ago.
But Macau has always maintained a unique atmosphere that totally differentiates it from its neighboring regions. It remains, as it has been for centuries, a harmonious combination of Chinese and Portuguese culture, peacefully built by its naturals. This is the basis of wisdom on which your way of life rests.
Today, Macao is a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, but, according to the wishes of its people and their guardians, it maintains and will always maintain its social and economic characteristics in the light of the "one country, two systems" principle .
Here we breathe an international atmosphere coupled with a truly unique way of living where, as always, Europe meets Asia and where the two largest communities (the Chinese and the Portuguese) have built their many exchanges: a way of coexist based on respect and mutual tolerance.
Geography and Population
The Macao Special Administrative Region is an integral part of China, located on the southeast coast of the country, west of the Pearl River Delta, adjacent to Guangdong Province, 60 km from Hong Kong and 145 km from Guangzhou city. Local time is up eight hours from the Greenwich meridian.
The surface area of Macao has been increasing thanks to landfills on its waterfront. With an area of the peninsula of 10.28Km2 in sec. XIX, the territory currently occupies a total area of 29.5 Km2, including the peninsula and the islands of Taipa and Coloane. To the north, the Macao peninsula is linked to mainland China, and to the south, to Taipa Island by three bridges - Noble Oak Bridge, Friendship Bridge and Sai Van Bridge. The two islands - Taipa and Coloane - are linked together by a 2.2 km long Isthmus and six lanes.
The population of Macao is 542,400 population. The demographic density of the territory is about 18387Km2. The northern part of the Macao peninsula is considered one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
Over the past 20 years, Macao has experienced rapid annual population growth, about 4 percent, and significant migration. There has also been an impressive movement in and out of the territory, totaling 25 million annually.
According to preliminary 2006 census results, on 19 August 2006 males accounted for 48.8 per cent of the resident population and females 51.2 per cent and, in terms of age distribution, 15.2 per cent of residents are under 15 years old, 77.7 per cent between 15 and 64 and 7 per cent over 65. The average longevity in both sexes is over 79 years.
According to 2001 census data, of Macao's 435,000 inhabitants, 95 percent are of Chinese descent, 2 percent of Portuguese descent and 1 percent of Filipino descent.
Chinese and Portuguese are official languages of Macao. Chinese is used by over 97 percent of Macao's population, Portuguese by about 0.7 percent and the rest speaks English, Filipino and other languages.The Cantonese dialect is predominant in everyday life, followed by Fujien and Mandarin.
More than 80 per cent of the population has been living in Macao for over 10 years, and their native-born population and the rest of China occupy 45 per cent respectively. countries and other regions.
Macao's climate is hot and humid, with quite varied temperatures throughout the year. From June to September, the temperature can go beyond 30ºC, and from November to February below 10ºC. The average temperature is rarely below 14ºC. Macao's weather is also influenced by tropical cyclones from the South Pacific monsoon season between June and September.
For more information: Statistics and Census Bureau (http://www.dsec.gov.mo) / Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau (http://www.smg.gov.mo)
Posted by: Macaense Memory Project